The media are buzzing with excitement today as they joyfully announce the success of the latest Moderna mRNA COVID-19 vaccine trials on 12-18 Year-olds.
The Moderna vaccine was 93% effective against COVID-19 in children aged 12 to 17 after the first dose and 100% two weeks after the second dose, with no cases of COVID-19 reported among vaccinated participants. – USA Today
Wow, sounds impressive, 100% effective after the second dose [Clap with joy]
But it gets better, not only is it 100% effective there were ‘no serious safety concerns identified'
Naturally the first thing I did was look for the study, but shock, horror, it’s still not publically available, in fact it hasn’t even been sent out for peer review yet.
So these misleading headlines have all come from Moderna’s latest Press Release.
I’ll just simplify it below by picking out the only information on the study they give us:
3,732 adolescent participants ages 12 to less than 18 years were enrolled and randomized 2:1 to two 100µg doses of mRNA-1273 or placebo
So I read that as the unequal randomization majority being the Vaccine group, one would assume so at least. This would mean there were 1,244 in the placebo group and 2,488 in the Vaccine group.
After two doses, no cases of COVID-19 were observed in the vaccine group using the case definition from the adult Phase 3 COVE study, compared to 4 cases in the placebo group
So there were 0% cases detected in the vaccine group and 0.031% cases in the placebo group. Try not to laugh.
But it gets better, they stated that it was 93% effective after the first dose, which would mean 7% of people after the first dose tested positive for COVID-19. By my calculations that means 174 of the vaccine group tested positive following their first dose.
No mention on the numbers who tested positive in the placebo group after the first dose, but we do know that only 4, or 0.031% tested positive after their second placebo shot.
Now, which one seems more effective to you?
CDCdefinition, which requires only one COVID-19 symptom and a nasopharyngeal (NP) swab or saliva sample positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR, a vaccine efficacy of 93% after the first dose was observed.
It’s hard to believe a false positive wasn’t picked up in the Vaccine group using the flawed RT-PCR tests, but what do I know.
Finally, here is what we know about the safety aspects of the vaccine in teenagers:
The most common solicited local adverse event was injection site pain. The most common solicited systemic adverse events after the second dose of mRNA-1273 were headache, fatigue, myalgia and chills.
All participants will be monitored for 12 months after their second injection to assess long-term protection and safety
The exact timescale of this study is not stated, however we know the Moderna Vaccine is given in two doses, thirty days apart. We also know from their ‘press release’ that a RT-PCR test was performed 14 days after the second dose.
No mention is made of further testing for COVID after this point, even though we do know these trials began back in December of last year and so ongoing analysis of efficacy could have been done on early participants if indeed they wanted to.
In a nutshell this information tells us nothing, the data, as usual is insignificant, the timescale is just a couple months at best and we know nothing about the demographics and ages of participants.
However, one thing we do know is this, Moderna do make a little statement at the bottom of all their press releases, hidden away right at the bottom:
The forward-looking statements in this press release are neither promises nor guarantees, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors, many of which are beyond Moderna’s control and which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.
These risks, uncertainties, and other factors include, among others: the fact that there has never been a commercial product utilizing mRNA technology approved for use; the fact that the rapid response technology in use by
Modernais still being developed and implemented; the safety, tolerability and efficacy profile of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine observed to date may change adversely in ongoing analyses of trial data or subsequent to commercialization; 
As soon as the study comes available, I’ll discuss it further, but right now it looks like more of the same.
Let me know what you think in the comments below.